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Lanzetti, Salvatore

Lanzetti, Salvatore

(b Naples, c1710; d Turin, c1780). Italian cellist and composer. He studied at the Naples Conservatorio di S Maria di Loreto. For a short time he was a member of the court chapel in Lucca and in 1727 entered the service of Vittorio Amedeo II in Turin, a post he retained despite numerous tours in northern Europe. By the second half of the 1730s he was in Paris and then London, where he seems to have lived until at least 1754. He had great success there and, according to Burney, helped to establish a taste for the cello. In May 1751 he gave concerts in Frankfurt. He returned to Italy about 1760 and rejoined the royal chapel in Turin, of which he probably remained a member until his death.

Lanzetti was one of the most innovative cellists of his era, advancing many aspects of cello technique. His own virtuosity is evident in his solo compositions through the intricacy of bowings, dynamic contrasts and note range. The tessitura of the cello was extended to b'' in his Sonatas op.1, while his proficiency with slurred staccato bowings was testified to by Corrette, who credited him with bringing such techniques to cello performance. The notated fingerings of his exercises are of particular interest and show consistency with the fingering patterns demonstrated by Corrette. Lanzetti used diatonic fingerings for half, first and second positions, but compressed third and fourth positions as a means of circumscribing the neck joint. His use of thumb position was fluent, with inclusion of the fourth finger a salient feature.

The cellist and composer Domenico Lanzetti was perhaps related to Salvatore. Two of his cello sonatas and five concertos are extant (D-Bsb). Six concertos, mentioned by Eitner, were formerly in the same library.

WORKS
12 sonate, vc, bc, op.1 (Amsterdam, 1736/R in ECCS, vii);
6 Solos, 2 vc, bc (hpd) (London, 1740; 2/c1745 as 6 Solos. 2 vc/fl, b, op.2, in a different order);
6 Solos, 2 vc/fl, b (London, c1745) [same title-page as op.2, different contents];
6 Solos after an Easy & Elegant Taste, vc, bc (hpd) (London, c1760/R in ECCS, vii);
Sonates, vc, bc, op.5 (Paris, n.d.), F-Pn;
Sonates, vc, bc, op.6 (Paris, n.d.), F-Pn;
Sonata intitolata Porto Maone, vc, va, vn, b, D-Bsb [vn, b pts. only]
"Pièces pour le Violoncelle de Mr Lancetti".Paris.
Pedagogical: Principes ou l’application de violoncelle par tous les tons (Amsterdam, before 1770)

(1/2009 added)
[PR]
by takashikaketa | 2006-07-12 08:13 | Documento 資料 | Comments(1)
Commented by claudio ronco at 2006-11-19 18:29 x
....Just because I've eventually reached your blog and noticed some errors, which are here corrected: 1) The "porto mahone" Sonata has no opus number and it exist only in three manuscript copies --- 2) Opus 7 does not exists; the last published work is opus 6 publ. in Paris, with 6 beautiful Sonatas for cello and B.C. ---3) It exists also a manuscript in B.N., Paris, with several Cello Sonata's movements with no apparent order, with the title of "Pièces pour le Violoncelle de Mr Lancetti" ("Lancetti" it's the exact spelling of his name, although all the prints bears the "Z" instead).
You're welcome to read the text I had written for the first world recording of Lanzetti's music, in 1989, at the following link: http://users.libero.it/claudioronco/napolitanoingl.html
as well as to listen some mp3 (among which you'll have also the "Porto Mahone") from the MP3's pages of my web site http://users.libero.it/claudioronco
Best regards, Claudio Ronco.

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